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初中賓語從句知識點解析!秦學教育中考沖刺班啟動!
中考 來源:網絡 編輯:小五 2019-11-11 15:43:10

  英語語法是初中英語學習的重點之一,單詞可以死記硬背,但是英語語法是有一定邏輯關系存在的,而且語法的知識點都比較繁瑣和復雜,想要徹底學懂初中英語語法,就要弄懂語法的每一個知識點,就比如下文為大家整理的賓語從句語法一樣,初中生好好看看吧!中考英語在語法上的考察也很重要,在這方面掌握不好的學生,可以利用即將到來的課余時間補習,秦學教育針對中考考生有一系列的輔導課程,中考英語也是其中之一,各位學生和家長可以詳細了解!

初中賓語從句知識點解析!秦學教育中考沖刺班啟動!

  賓語從句歌訣

  賓語從句三姊妹,that,if/whether,wh-/how展風采

  展風采有三關,引導詞、語序、時態在把關

  主從時態要一致,陳述語序永不變

  陳述請你選that,疑問需用if/whether連

  特殊問句作賓從,原來問詞不用換

  三關過后莫得意,人稱、標點需注意

  留意變臉的if/when,從句的簡化記心間

  歌訣解碼

  一、三姊妹

  賓語從句根據引導詞的不同可分為三種類型:

  1. 由that引導的賓語從句。如:

  We knew (that)we should learn from each other.

  2. 由if/whether引導的賓語從句。如:

  Please tell me if/whether you have been to America.

  3. 由who,where,how等連接代詞或連接副詞引導的賓語從句。如:

  Can you tell me how I can get to the nearest post office?

  二、三關

  1. 引導詞關

  如果從句是陳述句,引導詞用that(that在口語或非正式文體中常省略);如果從句是一般疑問句,引導詞用if/whether;如果從句是特殊疑問句,引導詞用由疑問詞轉換而來的疑問代詞/副詞。

  2. 語序關

  ①陳述句變為賓語從句,語序不變,即仍用陳述語序。如:

  He is an honest boy. The teacher said. →The teacher said(that)he was an honest boy.

  ②一般疑問句和特殊疑問句變為賓語從句,語序變為陳述語序。如:

  Does he work hard?I wonder.→I wonder if/whether he works hard.

  When did he leave?I don’t know. →I don’t know when he left.

  3. 時態關

  ①如果主句是現在的時態,從句的時態可根據實際情況而定。如:

  I have heard(that)he will come back next week.

  ②如果主句是過去的某種時態,那么從句的時態一定要用過去的某種時態。如:

  He said(that)there were no classes yesterday.

  注意:如果賓語從句表述的是客觀真理、自然現象等時,不管主句是什么時態,從句都要用一般現在時。如:

  He said that light travels much faster than sound.

  三、人稱的變化和標點的使用

  1. 從句的主語如果是第一人稱,變為賓語從句則與主句的主語一致;如果是第二人稱,則與主句的賓語一致;如果是第三人稱,不用變化。如:

  “May I use your knife?”He asked me. →He asked me if he might use my knife.

  “Do you know her telephone number?”He asked me. →He asked me if I know her telephone number.

  2. 賓語從句的標點均由主句決定。主句是陳述句,用句號;主句是疑問句,用問號。如:

  Who will give us a talk?I don’t know. →I don’t know who will give us a talk.

  Do you know?Where does he live?→Do you know where he lives?

  四、兩副面孔

  if和when既能引導時間狀語從句,又能引導賓語從句。因此,遇到它們就要認真分析一下,它們究竟屬于“兩副面孔”的哪一副。如:

  If it rains tomorrow,I won’t come.(時間狀語從句)

  I don’t know if it will rain tomorrow. (賓語從句)

  五、從句的簡化

  1. 當主句謂語動詞是find,see,watch,hear等感官動詞時,從句常簡化為“賓語+賓補”結構,賓補為不帶to的不定式或V-ing形式。如:

  She found that the wallet lay/was lying on the ground. →She found the wallet lie/lying on the ground.

  2. 當主句謂語動詞是hope,wish,decide,forget,plan,agree等,且主句主語與從句主語相同時,從句可簡化為不定式結構。如:

  She agreed that she could help me with my maths. →She agreed to help me with my maths.

  3. 在連接代詞/副詞引導的賓語從句中,當從句主語與主句主語或間接賓語一致時,賓語從句可簡化為“連接代詞/副詞+不定式”結構。如:

  Can you tell me how I can get to the station?→Can you tell me how to get to the station?

  中考真題演練

  1.重慶A卷---Do you know ________?

  ---Let me see. I remember it was on March 18th.

  A. why did they move here

  B. why they moved here

  C. when did they move here

  D. when they moved here

  2.山東煙臺 ---Do you know _______ ?

  ---Perhaps tomorrow, but I’m not sure.

  A. how we’ll go to the museum

  B. which place we’ll visit next Sunday

  C. when we’ll travel to Disney Land

  D. why he won’t come here

  3.四川自貢 ----How about buying an iphone 6s for your birthday ?

  ----Oh, it’s maybe too expensive, Dad. Do you know ______ ?

  A. how much it costs

  B. how much does it cost

  C. how much it cost

  4.四川成都-----Could you tell me _______ ?

  -----My life is not what it used to be .

  A.what you think of yourself

  B.how you like your present life

  C.what your life is like after you became famous

  5.山東臨沂----Excuse me, do you know _____yesterday ?

  ---Sure. It closed at 6:00 p.m.yesterday.

  A.when the bookstore closes

  B.when does the bookstore close

  C.when the bookstore closed

  D.when did the bookstore close

  6.福建福州----Mr. Black, could you tell me_____?

  -----At 10:00tomorrow morning.

  A.where we’ll go hiking.

  B.when we’ll have a meeting

  C.whether you will come to may birthday party

  7.湖南株洲 Do you know when ______today.

  A.is the bookstore closed

  B.does the bookstore close

  C.the bookstore closes

  8.四川宜賓 We must remember ______.

  A.what our teacher said

  B.what did our teacher say

  C.what has our teacher said

  9.江蘇南京 ---Are you going camping this after ?

  ---A typhoon is coming. I’m not sure _____the road to the mountain will be closed.

  A.which B.what

  C.whether D.why

  10.湖南衡陽My neighbor asked me _____ I heard the big noise last night or not .

  A.whether B.if C.what

  答案

  1--5DCACC;6--10BCACA;

  以上就是秦學教育網小編為各位初中生整理的賓語從句知識點解析,在英語學習上有困難的初三學生,備戰中考可以考慮秦學教育中考沖刺班!

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文章標簽: 賓語從句
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